Mulberry trees produce tiny fruits that have a variety of health benefits. When we talk about growing them, exposure to full sun and rich soil is the best! Although they can be grown in a range of conditions.
The best part is they offer several features like easy to transplant, salt-tolerant and ideal for erosion management.
Growing Mulberry trees aren’t challenging and we recommend you to plant them in full son, in humid, well-draining soil such as deep loam. So, let’s look at how to efficiently grow Mulberry trees and enjoy their benefits.
Best Way to Grow Mulberry Trees
Sometimes, we don’t always have access to a suitable area on which to plant and grow trees. Congratulations if you have one! However, if you don’t, you must take these moves.
Mulberries grow quickly and reseed easily, so if the conditions are correct, you’ll have more than a few trees without even trying.
As a result, make sure the location you select for planting is far away from overhead utility lines or septic tile. Because the roots emerge quickly and unobtrusively.
It depends upon you what types of Mulberry you want to grow. Let’s assume we are growing Black Mulberries.
How To Grow Black Mulberry Trees?
Alkaline soils are particularly attractive to the black mulberry, which prefers to grow alongside riverbeds.
For great results, it’s a good idea to amend the soil with some sand, loam, or clay to give it the conditions it’s used to. Moreover, you have to choose a location where the tree can flourish to its maximum extent without being disturbed.
When it comes to sunshine, they prefer partial to full sun. But we still aim to raise them in full sun and bear in mind that as they grow taller, they can partly block each other’s glare.
They can grow normally as long as the majority of the tree receives full sun at any point during the day. All you have to do is water them when needed to keep them moist to see a beautiful Mulberry tree.
Before we get into the perks, let’s have a look at the more popular varieties.
Types of Mulberry Trees
Mulberry trees are most widely cultivated in three varieties.
1) Red Mulberry – This is harder than black mulberries and is native to North America, where it grows in thick, fertile soils along bottomlands and streams.
2) Black mulberry – The black mulberry produces the sweetest berries. This tree is native to western Asia.
3) White mulberry – This tree is imported from China. White Mulberry is brought to colonial America for silkworm cultivation. Since then, White Mulberry has hybridised with the native red Mulberry.
How To Care Mulberry Trees?
Mulberries, both red and white, are harder than black mulberries. The black variety may require slightly different conditions for optimal growth in some circumstances.
These trees are drought resistant to a degree. Water freshly planted trees daily to encourage the development of a strong root system. They should be able to get their water needs met from the atmosphere once they’ve been built. You must ensure that they receive at least 1 inch of water deep into the soil per week during dry periods.
If the roots are allowed to dry out, the fruit may fall to the ground until it has ripened. Just ensure you don’t overwater. If these trees’ roots are confined in saturated environments, they can die.
2) Soil Conditions
Mulberry trees thrive in a wide range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, clay, and even rocky soils. They aren’t picky in that respect.
They can thrive in both acidic and alkaline soils, but they favour a pH range of 5.0 to 5.7. These trees are very salt-tolerant and thrive in coastal environments. Mulberries prefer mildly damp but not soggy soils that are well-drained.
During the first year of flowering, mulberry trees should not be fertilised. It might be possible to wait until after the second year of development to fertilise them, depending on the results of the soil test. Use a balanced, slow-release fertiliser with an NPK ratio of 10-10-10 in late winter or early spring, just before new growth starts, once they are formed.
For every inch of trunk diameter, apply 1 pound of fertilizer. If your mature tree is not showing signs of recent growth but is otherwise stable and unaffected by stress, you will just need to add nitrogen to meet its nutrient requirements.
These trees need very little upkeep. The way you prune your mulberry tree is determined by your landscape objectives. Just cut back the rotting, diseased, and broken limbs if you aim to provide a cool, shady spot to relax under that also provides a habitat for wildlife. If you want to achieve this, you’ll just need to use the trimming machine every two or three years.
If you want to produce berries, you’ll need to prune once a year. On the previous year’s growth, these fruit trees bloom and regrow their bounty. As a result of the intensive trimming, fruit yield would be reduced. Trim limbs to keep the total scale under control and the fruit within sight.
Benefits Of Mulberry Trees
1) Mulberries or mulberry extracts can be useful in the treatment of a variety of chronic illnesses, including heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
2) Mulberries and mulberry extracts will help you lose weight and lower your cholesterol. They can also help to increase the LDL (bad) to HDL (good) cholesterol ratio. Furthermore, in some cases, it may help prevent fatty liver disease by reducing the formation of fat in the liver
3) Mulberries produce the compound 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ), which activates a carbohydrate-breaking enzyme in your stomach. As a result, mulberries can help to prevent diabetes by slowing the rise in blood sugar after meals.
4) Mulberry juice can reduce oxidative stress which is linked to cancer. Remember, it reduces oxidative stress associated with cancer, not minimize the cancer risk. For more interesting topics please visit my blog.